Donut batter poured


Types of Donut Dough: Dry vs Liquid

When it comes to making donuts, the type of dough you use can make a significant difference in the end product.

There are two main types of donut dough: dry dough and liquid dough.

What Are Dry and Liquid Dough?

Dry dough is made with minimal liquid, usually just enough to bind the ingredients together.

It’s typically a mixture of flour, water, and sometimes salt.

This type of dough is more “doughy” because of the addition of less liquid and are commonly used for breadsticks, crackers, and pretzels.

Liquid dough, on the other hand, contains a higher volume of liquid (usually milk or water) which makes it “runny” or “watery” to use descriptions by beginner-bakers. It’s generally softer and more pliable than dry dough and is used for cakes, cookies, muffins, and pancakes.

Dry donut dough

Key Differences Between Dry and Liquid Dough

Amount of Liquid

The most significant difference between the two types of dough is the amount of liquid used.

Dry dough uses minimal liquid, making it stiffer and more challenging to work with.

Liquid doughs use more liquid, resulting in a softer, more pliable dough.

This type of dough is typically used for raised donuts.

Type of Flour

Dry doughs often use bread flour due to its high protein content, which provides more structure and helps the dough rise better.

Liquid doughs usually use all-purpose flour, which has a lower protein content, making it easier to work with but less likely to rise significantly.

Baking Time

Dry doughs generally require longer baking times at lower temperatures to prevent drying out.

Liquid doughs can be baked at higher temperatures for shorter periods without drying out.

Basic Dry Dough Recipe

To make a basic dry dough, mix together flour, salt, and water until the dough comes together and is no longer sticky.

Knead the dough for a few minutes to form a smooth ball.

Allow the dough to rest for at least 30 minutes before shaping and baking.

Basic Liquid Dough Recipe

Liquid donut dough is a unique and efficient method of preparing donuts.

This method eliminates the need for rolling or kneading, making the process quicker and simpler.

Here’s a basic recipe for liquid donut dough:

  1. Ingredients:
    • 1 cup (250 ml) All-Purpose Flour
    • 1 Egg
    • 1 tsp Baking Powder
    • ¼ cup Sugar
    • ¼ cup Milk
    • Vanilla Extract (optional)
  2. Instructions:
    1. In a large bowl, mix the sugar, milk, egg, and melted butter (if using).
    2. In another bowl, sift the flour and mix it with baking powder.
    3. Add the sifted ingredients to the liquid mixture and mix them together to form a smooth batter.
    4. Heat cooking oil in a large pot to 350°F (175°C).
    5. Carefully drop rounded spoonfuls of the batter into the hot oil.
    6. Fry the donuts until they are golden brown on both sides.
    7. Remove the donuts from the oil and place them on a paper towel to drain excess oil.
    8. Optionally, you can add a glaze or sugar coating to the donuts after they cool down slightly.

This recipe results in super soft donuts that are ready in a short amount of time, perfect for a quick treat or surprise guests.

FeatureDry DoughLiquid Dough
IngredientsFlour, sugar, salt, baking powder, sometimes eggsFlour, sugar, salt, eggs, milk, butter
Type of donutCake donutRaised donut

Dough Types for Different Donuts

Yeast Donuts

For yeast donuts, both dry and liquid doughs can be used.

Dry dough is stiffer and takes longer to rise, making it ideal for bread-like donuts.

Liquid dough is softer and rises more quickly, suitable for lighter, fluffier donuts.

Cake Donuts

Cake donuts typically use liquid dough, which contains ingredients like milk, butter, and eggs.

This type of dough is softer and more suitable for cakes, cookies, and pies.

Which type of donut dough is better?

It really depends on your personal preference.

Some people prefer the dense, cake-like texture of cake donuts, while others prefer the light, airy texture of raised donuts.

Ultimately, the best way to find out which type of donut dough you like best is to try both!